An unique experience in Hanoi

Some said, “Imagine a city where the medieval and modern co-exist, a city with a blend of Parisian grace and Asian pace. Hanoi is where imagination becomes reality”, I truly feel ... Continue Reading →

Hanoi Confronting French Colonial Aggression

Immediately after France’s conquest of the three eastern provinces of South Vietnam, every participant in the 1864 preliminary civil service examination refused to sit for the event. ... Continue Reading →

Thang Long-Hanoi Under The Nguyen Dynasty

In 1802, King Gia Long ascended the throne and began the Nguyen Dynasty, with Phu Xuan being the capital, Thang Long remained the chief center of North Vietnam with 11 tran (a provincial ... Continue Reading →

Thang Long Under The Tay Son Dynasty (1788-1802)

In 1786, the Tay Son troops headed North to overthrow the Trinh Lords. o­n 21st July 1786, Thang Long was controlled by the Tay Son troops. The 241-year rule of the Trinh Lords (1545-1786) ... Continue Reading →

Thang Long Under The Mac, Restored Le And Late Le Dynasties(1527-1788)

The Confucian model of absolute monarchy in Vietnam gave rise to two contradictions: o­ne among the various factions of the ruling class, and the other, between the elite and the people. ... Continue Reading →

Thang Long Under The Early Le Dynasty(1428-1527)

Following the victory of the Lam Son insurrection, the early Le Dynasty officially began. In April 1428, Le Loi left the Bo De Palace and moved to Dong Do Citadel. o­n the 29th of ... Continue Reading →

Thang Long Under The Tran Dynasty (1009-1225)

After two centuries of rule, the Ly Dynasty went into decline and was succeeded by the Tran Dynasty that restored political and social order. The Dai Viet civilization continued to ... Continue Reading →

Thang Long Under The Ly Dynasty (1009-1225)

At the end of 1009, at Hoa Lu (Ninh Binh province), Ly Cong Uan ascended the throne, taking the name King Ly Thai To, establishing the Ly Dynasty. Next year he moved the capital to ... Continue Reading →

1000-year Chinese Domination

During the Han-ruling period, Au Lac was divided into three provinces: Giao Chi, Cuu Chan and Nhat Nam. Hanoi belonged to Giao Chi but it was not mentioned in the history books of the ... Continue Reading →